tips for a

The fresh OLS estimates towards subsample come into line to the complete attempt prices demonstrated for the Table 2

The fresh OLS estimates towards subsample come into line to the complete attempt prices demonstrated for the Table 2

We estimate Eq. (1) by replacing Dij (Bij) with three different sets of dowry and bride price paid to others (i.e., \( \overlinej>> \) and \( \overlinej>> \) , \( \overline> \) and \( \overline> \) , or the community-based dowry and bride price), and three sets of reduced-form estimation results are presented in Table 4. Each panel presents estimation results of a reduced-form regression with a different set of dowry and bride price paid to others. To be comparable with Panel A, the OLS estimation results with women who have at least one brother and one sister are presented in Appendix Table 8. The reduced-form estimation results support the main OLS estimation results shown in Table 2. That is, women enjoy higher status in the ily that tends to exchange higher dowries and when they come from a higher-dowry village, whereas a larger bride price is negatively associated with these same traits. Here, the amount of bride price paid to the wife’s sisters by their in-laws is significantly negatively associated with the wife’s autonomy. The third set, i.e., the community-based dowry and bride price, does not show any significant association with women’s status. This is likely because relatively weaker association between the community-based dowry (bride price) and the personal dowry (bride price) that the bride receives from her parents (in-laws) than other two sets. The estimates for other coefficients are not inconsistent with those shown in Table 2 and are available upon request.

Desk cuatro Organization anywhere between dowry/bride-to-be rates (paid because of the in-laws and regulations regarding sisters, anybody else on village and you may people) and you can wife’s position on the marital house (OLS)

4.3 Dialogue and robustness inspections

Within the determining the latest women’s reputation on relationship family, the effect of your websites dowry (dowry minus fiance price) could possibly get matter. Observe that the degree of deferred mehr is roofed alone away from the web dowry since previous is not paid back unless of course divorce proceedings occurs and cannot meet the requirements possessions put on matrimony. The outcome recommend that brand new assets introduced on ount) promote their own choice-to make electricity and you will self-reliance. This type of confident associations are not alarming because the the brand new associations out-of bride-to-be price repaid during the time of matrimony work with stop in order to those of dowry however estimations.

Perhaps, an increased ages otherwise training distinction you are going to damage the wife’s updates throughout the marital household. And additionally ages variation plus knowledge differences (replacement the partner’s ages and education) doesn’t affect the fundamental effects, in addition to coefficients of them parameters are not extreme (Appendix Desk 9, Committee B).

The fresh new estimate techniques was frequent because of the replacing dowry and you can fiance price which have online dowry (Appendix Dining table nine, Committee An excellent)

You to definitely might argue that what number of ages since relationships try important since the end result out of dowry (otherwise bride-to-be rate) might possibly be greater after matrimony. And years as ount out of dowry (replacing female’s years on wedding) magnifies the beds base effectation of dowry within the ladies’ autonomy but minimizes the magnitude together with benefits level for the ladies’ decision-making (Appendix Table 9, Panel C). This means one a larger dowry boosts the wife’s freedom in the the newest marital house immediately following relationship; but not, the brand new connection isn’t significantly influenced by the newest passage through of decades as marriage.

Zero measure of gender ideology is included in the primary estimation due to endogeneity inquiries. You to definitely might believe introduction of such procedures will get weaken the new organization ranging from dowry and ladies status on the marital house. Although we do not reject the chance that needs and you can ideological thinking concerning gender relationships are not intrinsic and change along the relationship lifetime, the estimation procedure is frequent because of the and two measures to have young man preference: the first adjustable equals you to if the wife’s most readily useful amount of sons are more than that daughters additionally the second means one if the spouse desires render advanced schooling in order to sons in the place of to help you daughters. Controlling to have gender ideology does not considerably affect the chief estimation results (Appendix Dining table nine, Panel D). Interestingly, ladies decision-making was seriously of the child taste. Yet not, it’s adversely of the preference to have getting degree so you can sons as compared with daughters. A Pajarito girls for marriage prospective interpretation is that highly knowledgeable feminine is up against gender inequality inside studies and be more motivated on marital home however, like with more sons than just daughters. It appears in line with specific existing knowledge exhibiting one son preference is more commonplace certainly one of very knowledgeable female in lieu of uneducated women inside the Southern area Asia (Das Gupta 1987; Muhuri and Preston 1991).

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